State CompositionMalaysia consists of thirteen states and three Federal Territories. Eleven of the states form the Peninsular Malaysia while the two states (Sabah and Sarawak) form the east Malaysia and are in the island of Borneo.
The three Federal Territories are the capital city – Kuala Lumpur, the new administrative centre in Putrajaya and the island of Labuan situated closely to Sabah.
– Population is 28milion
– Land area 336,700 sq.km
– Highest mountain in Malaysia is Gunung Kinabalu (4,100 meters) in Sabah, which is also the highest mountain in South East Asia
– The Rajang River in Sarawak is the longest river (563km)
– The biggest state is Sarawak (124,450 sq.km)
– The most developed state is Selangor
Malays make up about 57% of the population and are the predominant group with Chinese, Indians and other ethnic group making up the rest.
– Average Temperature is between 21C to 32C
– Humidity is high and the climate is strongly influenced by the Northeast and the Southwest Monsoons
Manufacturing constitutes the largest component of Malaysia’s economy while Tourism and primary commodities such as petroleum, palm oil, natural rubber and timber are major contributors to its economy.
Visitors must be in possession of a valid passport or travel document with a minimum validity of six months beyond the intended visiting period. Citizens of most countries do not require visas for social or business visits. See –> list of countries that does not required visa.
In most states, banking hours are from 0930 to 1600 from Monday to Friday. Banks in the states of Kedah, Kelantan & Terengganu operate from 0930 to 1600 from Saturdays to Wednesday.
The standard Malaysian time is eight hours ahead of GMT and 16 hours ahead of the US Pacific Standard Time.
The voltage used throughout Malaysia is 220-240 volts AC at 50 cycles per second. Standard 3-pin square plug and sockets are used.
Getting to Malaysia
The main gateway to Malaysia is through the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) or Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) both at Sepang, which is located about 50km south of Kuala Lumpur. Other major international airports that serves as entry points are situated in Penang, Johor Bahru, Kuching. Kota Kinabalu and the island of Langkawi.
Over 40 international airlines fly into Malaysia while the National carrier, Malaysia Airlines, has a global network that spans six continents. It is complemented by the budget Airline AirAsia. The main entry point by sea is at Port Klang, about 50km away from Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is also accessible by road from Singapore and Thailand.